Management of a Crisis (MOAC) Vocabulary Specification

01 June 2011

This version:
http://observedchange.com/moac/ns-20110601
Latest version:
http://observedchange.com/moac/ns
Revision:
Revision: 0.2
Author:
Minu Limbu (Haiti Shelter Cluster Information Manager (Feb-Aug 2010) / Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Germany)
Primary Contributors:
Dong Wang (Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Germany)
Tomi Kauppinen (Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Germany)
Jens Ortmann (Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Germany)
Secondary Contributors:
See acknowledgements.
Creative Commons License -->

This work is licensed under a GNU Lesser General Public License.



Valid XHTML + RDFa The Management of a Crisis Vocabulary relies on W3C's RDF technology.



The visual layout and structure of the specification was adapted from the Open Provenance Model Vocabulary edited by Jun Zhao, SIOC Core Ontology Specification edited by Uldis Bojars and John G. Breslin, the Provenance Vocabulary Core Ontology Specification edited by Olaf Hartig and from the Open Time and Space Core Vocabulary Specification by Tomi Kauppinen.


Abstract

MOAC, the Management of a Crisis Vocabulary, is a lightweight vocabulary aiming to provide terms to enable practitioners to relate different things in crisis management activities together as Linked Data. The initial MOAC terms originated from the Ushahidi platform.

This documents specifies the classes and properties introduced by the MOAC core vocabulary.


Status of this document

NOTE: This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document.

This specification is an evolving document. This document may be updated or added to based on implementation experience, but no commitment is made by the authors regarding future updates. This document is generated by combining a machine-readable Management of a Crisis Vocabulary Namespace expressed in RDF/XML with a specification template and a set of per-term documents.

Table of contents


1. Introduction

The Management of a Crisis Vocabulary is defined as a set of classes and properties.



The XML Namespace URI that must be used by implementations of this specification is: http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#



The suggested prefix for the namespace is "moac" to be used by implementations of this specification:

@prefix moac: http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#

2. The Management of a Crisis Vocabulary at a glance

An alphabetical index of terms from the Management of a Crisis Vocabulary, by class and by property, are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Classes: | AffectedPopulation | Agency | AidManipulation | AnimalIllnessOrDeath | AskingToFowardAMessage | ChronicCareNeeds | CollapsedStructure | CommunicationLinesDown | CompromisedBridge | ContaminatedWater | ContaminatedWaterSupply | Deaths | EarthquakeAndAftershock | Emergency | FeedingCentersAvailable | FinancialServicesAvailable | Fire | Floods | FoodDistributionPoint | FoodShortage | FuelShortage | GroupViolence | HealthOfWomen | HighlyVulnerable | HospitalOperating | HumanRemainsManagement | IDPConcentration | Incident | InfectiousHumanDisease | InfrastructureDamage | InternetAccess | Landslides | Looting | MedicalEmergency | MedicalEquipmentAndSupplyNeeds | Menaces | MissingPersons | NaturalHazards | NonfoodAidDistributionPoint | Others | PeopleTrapped | PersonsNews | PortOpen | PowerOutage | PriceGouging | PsychiatricNeed | PublicHealth | Riot | RoadBlocked | RubbleRemoval | SearchAndRescue | SecurityConcern | ServiceAvailable | ShelterNeeded | ShelterOffered | TheftOfAid | UnstableStructure | UshahidiReport | VitalLines | WaterSanitationAndHygienePromotion | WaterShortage | WaterDistributionPoint |

Properties: | affectedby | approved | category | date | description | verified | impact | latitude | location | longitude | title |

3. Descriptions about MOAC

The Core MOAC definitions presented here are written using a computer language (RDF/OWL) that makes it easy for software to process some basic facts about the terms in the Management of a Crisis Vocabulary, and consequently about the things described using MOAC.

3.1. Evolution and extension of MOAC

The Management of a Crisis Vocabulary is identified by the namespace URI "http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#".

Revisions and extensions of MOAC are conducted through edits to the namespace document, which by convention is published on the Web at the namespace URI.

The properties and types defined here provide some basic concepts for describing crisis management related information.

4. Cross-reference for core MOAC classes and properties

Class: AffectedPopulation

AffectedPopulation is a crowd of people affected by disaster.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#AffectedPopulation
Properties include :affectedby

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Class: Agency

Agency is an organization that aims to manage a crisis.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Agency
Properties include :verified

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Class: AidManipulation

AidManipulation.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#AidManipulation

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Class: AnimalIllnessOrDeath

AnimalIllnessOrDeath refers to the illness or death of animals caused by a disaster highlighting the possibility of spread of disease because of direct or indirect contamination.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#AnimalIllnessOrDeath
Subclass of:PublicHealth

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Class: AskingToFowardAMessage

AskingToFowardAMessage is the term used to forward certain community directed messages using third party sources.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#AskingToFowardAMessage

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Class: ChronicCareNeeds

ChronicCareNeeds refers to the requirement of medical care which addresses preexisting or long term illness.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#ChronicCareNeeds
Subclass of:PublicHealth

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Class: CollapsedStructure

A CollapsedStructure is a term that defines a totally damaged state of a structure resulting from human or natural phenomenon.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#CollapsedStructure
Subclass of:InfrastructureDamage

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Class: CommunicationLinesDown

CommunicationLinesDown indicates that a mobile or a landline phone in ceratain area will not work becuase of the problem in the communication wired poles.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#CommunicationLinesDown
Subclass of:InfrastructureDamage

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Class: CompromisedBridge

CompromisedBridge is a partially or completely damaged bridge that can no longer be used for transporting people or relief materials.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#CompromisedBridge
Subclass of:InfrastructureDamage

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Class: ContaminatedWater

Undrinkable Water is water that is regarded unfit/unhealthy to drink for both humans and animals.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#ContaminatedWater
Subclass of:VitalLines

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Class: ContaminatedWaterSupply

The source and delivery system provides water but polluted. It could result in outbreaks of diseases and other health realted issues.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#ContaminatedWaterSupply
Subclass of:Emergency

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Class: Deaths

Deaths are the termination of the biological functions that sustain a living organism.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Deaths
Subclass of:NaturalHazards

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Class: EarthquakeAndAftershock

An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves, and an aftershock is an earthquake that occurs after a previous earthquake, the mainshock.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#EarthquakeAndAftershock
Subclass of:NaturalHazards

[back to overview]


Class: Emergency

Emergency is a situation that poses an immediate crisis to human, life, health, property or environment.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Emergency
Has Subclass:FirePeopleTrappedMedicalEmergencyHighlyVulnerableContaminatedWaterSupply

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Class: FeedingCentersAvailable

FeedingCentersAvailable is a term that defines a location of a facility which supports providing basic life saving foods to infants and lactating mothers.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#FeedingCentersAvailable
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

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Class: FinancialServicesAvailable

FinancialServicesAvailabe refers to services provided by the certain Non Government Organizations or finance industry as a part of recovery packages to the disaster affected communities.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#FinancialServicesAvailable
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

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Class: Fire

Fire is an uncontrolled burning that has the potential to cause physical damage on human life, health, property or ecology.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Fire
Subclass of:Emergency

[back to overview]


Class: Floods

A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Floods
Subclass of:NaturalHazards

[back to overview]


Class: FoodDistributionPoint

FoodDistributionPoint is a pre-identified location for distributing or transporting food or drink to the affected communities.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#FoodDistributionPoint
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

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Class: FoodShortage

FoodShortage is a widespread scarcity of food that may apply to any faunal species.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#FoodShortage
Subclass of:VitalLines

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Class: FuelShortage

FuelShortage is a lack of minimal cooking or other fuel that a person need on a daily basis.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#FuelShortage
Subclass of:VitalLines

[back to overview]


Class: GroupViolence

GroupViolence is a term used to describe more than one individual engaging in some form of criminal activities.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#GroupViolence
Subclass of:Menaces

[back to overview]


Class: HealthOfWomen

HealthOfWomen is a term used to include all the health issues related to female gender.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#HealthOfWomen
Subclass of:PublicHealth

[back to overview]


Class: HighlyVulnerable

High possibility of loss resulting from the occurrence of the phenomenon.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#HighlyVulnerable
Subclass of:Emergency

[back to overview]


Class: HospitalOperating

HospitalOperating describes still functioning hospital after a disaster.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#HospitalOperating
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

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Class: HumanRemainsManagement

HumanRemainsManagement is an abstract term used to define morgues or other locations where dead bodies can be properlay managed.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#HumanRemainsManagement
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

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Class: IDPConcentration

IDPConcentration refers to the act of internally displaced people gathering in a certain location, which could eventually turn into an IDP camp.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#IDPConcentration

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Class: Incident

Incident is a distinct or definite event.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Incident
Properties include:titledatelocationdescriptioncategorylatitudelongitude

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Class: InfectiousHumanDisease

InfectiousHumanDisease comprise of clinically evident illness resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism that could also infect others.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#InfectiousHumanDisease
Subclass of:PublicHealth

[back to overview]


Class: InfrastructureDamage

InfrastureDamage is about the damage of physically existing basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#InfrastructureDamage
Has Subclass:CollapsedStructureUnstableStructureRoadBlockedCompromisedBridgeCommunicationLinesDown

[back to overview]


Class: InternetAccess

InternetAccess refers to certain place that can provide internet services.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#InternetAccess
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

[back to overview]


Class: Landslides

A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Landslides
Subclass of:NaturalHazards

[back to overview]


Class: Looting

Looting is term that indicate a form of criminal activity when disaster affected people forcefully take away the relief distribution materials.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Looting
Subclass of:Menaces

[back to overview]


Class: MedicalEmergency

A medical emergency is an injury that is acute and poses an immediate risk to a person's life or long term health.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#MedicalEmergency
Subclass of:Emergency

[back to overview]


Class: MedicalEquipmentAndSupplyNeeds

MedicalEquipmentAndSupplyNeeds is a term describe the demand for Medical Equipment and Supplies.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#MedicalEquipmentAndSupplyNeeds
Subclass of:PublicHealth

[back to overview]


Class: Menaces

A Menace is a threat or danger that causes intimidation.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Menaces
Has Subclass:WaterSanitationAndHygienePromotionLootingTheftOfAidGroupViolenceRiot

[back to overview]


Class: MissingPersons

MissingPersons are persons whose whereabouts are unknown after sudden onset of disaster.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#MissingPersons
Subclass of:NaturalHazards

[back to overview]


Class: NaturalHazards

NaturalHazards is a term represent a threat of a naturally occurring event that will have a negative effect on people or the environment .

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#NaturalHazards
Has Subclass:EarthquakeAndAftershockDeathsMissingPersonsFloodsLandslides

[back to overview]


Class: NonfoodAidDistributionPoint

NonfoodAidDistributionPoint is a location for distributing or transporting life saving Non Food Item other than food items, also known as NFIs in humaniatarian sphere.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#NonfoodAidDistributionPoint
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

[back to overview]


Class: Others

Others.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Others

[back to overview]


Class: PeopleTrapped

People found in dangerous stituation might not be able to escape from the place they are.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PeopleTrapped
Subclass of:Emergency

[back to overview]


Class: PersonsNews

PersonNews is the information about a person's status, e.g. death, injured, alive etc.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PersonsNews

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Class: PortOpen

PortOpen is the term that indicate a port opening of regular business for receiving humanitarian relief materials.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PortOpen
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

[back to overview]


Class: PowerOutage

A PowerOutage is a term which refers to electrical power failure, which means a short- or long-term loss of the electric power to an area.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PowerOutage
Subclass of:VitalLines

[back to overview]


Class: PriceGouging

PriceGouging is a pejorative term referring to a situation in which a seller prices goods or commodities much higher than is considered reasonable or fair.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PriceGouging

[back to overview]


Class: PsychiatricNeed

PsychiatricNeed is a term indicate that people need medical care for mental disorders.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PsychiatricNeed
Subclass of:PublicHealth

[back to overview]


Class: PublicHealth

PublicHealth is a term that deals with overall health related issues, conerns and initiatives for or in a community .

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#PublicHealth
Has Subclass:MedicalEquipmentAndSupplyNeedsInfectiousHumanDiseaseChronicCareNeedsHealthOfWomenPsychiatricNeedAnimalIllnessOrDeath

[back to overview]


Class: Riot

A riot is a form of civil disorder characterized often by disorganized groups lashing out in a sudden and intense rash of violence against authority, property or people.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#Riot
Subclass of:Menaces

[back to overview]


Class: RoadBlocked

RoadBlocked indicate a road is blocked by a barricade caused by natural disaster or set up by human.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#RoadBlocked
Subclass of:InfrastructureDamage

[back to overview]


Class: RubbleRemoval

RubbleRemoval is a term about the agreed upon and systamatic disopsal of of broken stone, of irregular size, shape and texture from a locaktion with totally damaged or partially damaged infrastructures.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#RubbleRemoval
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

[back to overview]


Class: SearchAndRescue

SearchAndRescue is a part of humanitarian relief effort on the immediate on set of disaster where a team of experts try and locate missing persons.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#SearchAndRescue

[back to overview]


Class: SecurityConcern

SecurityConcern is a abstract term related to the worries of protection against danger, damage, loss, and criminal activity.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#SecurityConcern
Subclass of:VitalLines

[back to overview]


Class: ServiceAvailable

ServiceAvailable is an abstract term that indicates availability of different life saving and sustaining services in a disaster struck location/place.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#ServiceAvailable
Has Subclass:WaterDistributionPointFoodDistributionPointNonfoodAidDistributionPointRubbleRemovalHumanRemainsManagement
FinancialServicesAvailableFeedingCentersAvailablePortOpenShelterOfferedInternetAccessHospitalOperating

[back to overview]


Class: ShelterNeeded

ShelterNeeded is a term used to indicate number of emergency life saving basic structures like tents and tarpaulins.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#ShelterNeeded
Subclass of:VitalLines

[back to overview]


Class: ShelterOffered

ShelterOffered indicates a location where internally displace people have been offered termporary/transitional shelters.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#ShelterOffered
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

[back to overview]


Class: TheftOfAid

TheftOfAid is a term that indicate a form of criminal activity when unknown person(s) steal the relief distribution materials either from gowdown or relief distribution points.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#TheftOfAid
Subclass of:Menaces

[back to overview]


Class: UnstableStructure

UnstableStructure is a term that describe a partially damaged bulidings/structures which is still standing but uninhabitable.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#UnstableStructure
Subclass of:InfrastructureDamage

[back to overview]


Class: UshahidiReport

UshahidiReport is a report from Ushahidi, contains simultaneously temporal and geospatial archive of events, based on the local observers' reports.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#UshahidiReport

[back to overview]


Class: VitalLines

Vitallines is an abstract term that refer to particulars that could directly impact human lives.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#VitalLines
Has Subclass:ContaminatedWaterWaterShortagePowerOutageShelterNeededFoodShortageSecurityConcernFuelShortage

[back to overview]


Class: WaterSanitationAndHygienePromotion

WaterSanitationAndHygienePromotion is a term refers to a concept that improving access to safe water and sanitation facilities leads to healthier families and communities. (UNICEF)

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#WaterSanitationAndHygienePromotion
Subclass of:Menaces

[back to overview]


Class: WaterShortage

Watershortage is a term used to refer to the situations that water resources can not meet human demand.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#WaterShortage
Subclass of:VitalLines

[back to overview]


Class: WaterDistributionPoint

WaterDistributionPoint is a location for distributing or transporting daily water to the disaster affected communities.

identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#WaterDistributionPoint
Subclass of:ServiceAvailable

[back to overview]


Property: affectedby

affectedby indicates disaster which has influence on population.

Identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#affectedby
OWL Type:DataProperty
Domain: moac:AffectedPopulation
Range: moac:NaturalHazard

[back to overview]


Property: approved

approved is a data property to attest a event or incident or document is true or not.

Identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#approved
OWL Type:DataProperty
Domain:
Range: xsd:boolean

[back to overview]


Property: category

category is about the sort of an incident.

Identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#category
OWL Type:DataProperty
Identifier:sioc:topic
Domain: moac:Incident
Range: xsd:string

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Property: date

Date is the occurrence time of an incident.

Identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#date
OWL Type:DataProperty
Sub Property of:http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/date
Domain: moac:Incident
Range: xsd:date

[back to overview]


Property: description

description is about the content of an incident.

Identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#description
OWL Type:DataProperty
Sub Property of:sioc:content
Domain: moac:Incident
Range: xsd:string

[back to overview]


Property: verified

verified is a property used in describing if certain information/data has been checked with more than one sources.

Identifier:http://observedchange.com/moac/ns#verified
OWL Type:DataProperty
Domain: moac:Agency
Range: xsd:boolean

[back to overview]


5. Acknowledgement

6. References

7. Change log